The 4 Things You Need to Survive
You may think you already know what you need to survive: it’s pretty basic. Food and water are always at the top of the list, but that’s because most of us are sitting indoors and taking for granted our shelter. Lastly, a person needs fire to keep warm when exposed to the elements. Food. Water. Shelter. Fire. That’s all you need, and you should be able to survive. Let’s break each of these things down a little bit, so you really know your limits when you are trying to survive.
There isn’t a lot of research on how long people can live without food for obvious reasons. Some studies suggest that a body mass index (BMI) of less than 13 in women and 11 in men is too low to remain among the living. But if you look up long-term fasters, people have survived without food for an entire year. However, survival is not limited to having a heartbeat, and if you want to survive in the wild, you’ll need energy. Learn how to identify local edible plants, so you can forage. Also, stock up on a food supply that won’t expire or spoil once you no longer have power.
Your body is mostly made up of water (60%), and each cell needs it to function. Therefore, you can only live a few days without it. The amount of water a person needs per day is dependent on many variables including how much water was in their food, but it’s WAY more important to have water than food. The challenge to getting water during a disaster or emergency is that it may not be clean. There are many ways to get water, but they don’t produce enough for survival. The best way to have survival water is to keep it on hand in case of emergency. Also invest in filtration systems for a continued source of clean water.
A survivalist may have a bunker on some property equipped with everything necessary in the case of a disaster, but it is still important to know how to create a good lean-to or temporary shelter. There are plenty of YouTube videos about the process, but the best way to learn is to practice. There are multiple survival camps around the country that teach basic survival skills, and you can enroll in of them if you really want to be able to survive.
There’s a guy in Colorado that claims he can survive in the wilderness with only a pocketknife, and he’s proven it many times. Jason Marsteiner runs The Survival University, and he says he can even start a fire as long as he has his Swiss Army Knife with him. If you want to learn how to start a fire by rubbing sticks together, that could be very useful, and you should enroll in his course. However, keeping some flint and other fire starters around is a good idea for your emergency supply. Hypothermia can set in at temperatures of 50 degrees Fahrenheit or even higher with high humidity, so stay warm at night!
- Tim Anderberg